Romania activated the derogation from the application of the provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights
in the context of the state of emergency generated by the COVID-19 epidemic (24 march 2020).
Article 15 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) provides for the possibility of the signatory states to derogate from the provisions guaranteeing the protection of fundamental human rights to the extent strictly required by the public danger situation and only after the prior notification of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
On 17 March 2020, the Permanent Representation of Romania registered at the Secretariat General of the Council of Europe a note verbale whereby it announced that some of the emergency measures taken by Presidential Decree No. 195/2020 establishing the state of emergency involve derogations from the obligations undertaken under the ECHR.
- What does ECHR Article 15 provide?
- What are the rights in respect of which no derogations or reservations may be formulated?
- What are the exceptional situations in which derogations may be formulated?
- Under what conditions can derogatory measures be taken?
- What are those rights restricted by the measures taken by the Romanian state?
- What remedies do the persons in respect to whom disproportionate or unjustified restrictive measures have been taken have at their disposal?